Atheism


Atheism
a condition of being without theistic beliefs; an absence of belief in the existence of gods, thus contrasting with theism. This definition includes both those who assert that there are no gods and those who have no beliefs at all regarding the existence of gods. However, narrower definitions often only qualify the former as atheism, the latter falling under the more general (but rarely used) term nontheism.
• Agnostic atheism - the philosophy that encompasses both atheism and agnosticism. Due to definitional variance, an agnostic atheist does not believe in God or gods and by extension holds true: 'the existence and nonexistence of deities is currently unknown and may be absolutely unknowable', or 'knowledge of the existence and nonexistence of deities is irrelevant or unimportant', or 'abstention from claims of knowledge of the existence and nonexistence of deities is optimal'.
• Strong atheism - the philosophical position that deities do not exist. It is a form of explicit atheism, meaning that it consciously rejects theism. Some strong atheists also claim that the existence of any and all gods is logically impossible. Also called positive atheism, hard atheism and gnostic atheism. It should be noted that a strong atheist also fits the definition of a weak atheist, but that the reverse is not necessarily true: a strong atheist believes there is a lack or absence of evidence for justifying a belief in God or gods, but a weak atheist does not necessarily deny the possibility of God or god(s) existence.
• Weak atheism - disbelief in the existence of God or gods, without a commitment to the necessary non-existence of God or gods. Also referred to as negative atheism or implicit atheism. The weak atheist generally gives a broad definition of atheism as a lack or absence of evidence justifying a belief in God or gods, which defines atheism as a range of positions that entail non-belief, unjustified belief, doubt, or denial of theism.

Mini philosophy glossary . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Atheism — Atheism, as an explicit position, can be either the affirmation of the nonexistence of gods, [The Oxford American Dictionary defines atheist as a person who does not believe in the existence of a god or gods. New York: Avon Press, 1980.] or the… …   Wikipedia

  • Atheism — • That system of thought which is formally opposed to theism Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Atheism     Atheism     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Atheism — A the*ism, n. [Cf. F. ath[ e]isme. See {Atheist}.] 1. The disbelief or denial of the existence of a God, or supreme intelligent Being. [1913 Webster] Atheism is a ferocious system, that leaves nothing above us to excite awe, nor around us to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • atheism — 1580s, from Fr. athéisme (16c.), from Gk. atheos without god (see ATHEIST (Cf. atheist)). A slightly earlier form is represented by atheonism (1530s) which is perhaps from It. atheo atheist. Ancient Gk. atheotes meant ungodliness …   Etymology dictionary

  • atheism — [n] belief that no God exists disbelief, doubt, freethinking, godlessness, heresy, iconoclasm, impiety, infidelity, irreligion, irreverence, nihilism, nonbelief, paganism, skepticism, unbelief; concept 689 Ant. belief, godliness, piety, religion …   New thesaurus

  • atheism —    Atheism is belief that there is no God. It is sometimes defined as lack of belief in God, but this would include agnostics, who are best kept separate.    See agnosticism; theism    Further reading: Berman 1987; Flew 1993; Le Poidevin 1996;… …   Christian Philosophy

  • atheism — ► NOUN ▪ the belief that God does not exist. DERIVATIVES atheist noun atheistic adjective atheistical adjective. ORIGIN from Greek a without + theos god …   English terms dictionary

  • atheism — [ā′thē iz΄əm] n. [MFr athéisme < Gr atheos, godless < a , without + theos, god: see THEO ] 1. the belief that there is no God, or denial that God or gods exist 2. godlessness atheistic adj. atheistical atheistically adv …   English World dictionary

  • atheism — /ay thee iz euhm/, n. 1. the doctrine or belief that there is no God. 2. disbelief in the existence of a supreme being or beings. [1580 90; < Gk áthe(os) godless + ISM] * * * Critique and denial of metaphysical beliefs in God or divine beings.… …   Universalium

  • Atheism — Athéisme L’athéisme est une attitude[1] ou une doctrine[2] qui ne conçoit pas l’existence ou affirme l’inexistence de quelque dieu, divinité ou entité surnaturelle que ce soit, contrairement, par exemple, au déisme, au théisme et au panthéisme… …   Wikipédia en Français


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